Gum Recession: Causes, Treatment, & Prevention

 In News

Gum recession occurs when the margin of the gum tissue that surrounds your teeth wears away, revealing more of your tooth and its root. While many people assume receding gums are a normal part of aging, there are actually more serious causes that can have unfortunate consequences, including tooth loss.

What Causes It?

Many factors can contribute to gum recession, but the most common ones are:

  • smoking
  • brushing too hard
  • pregnancy or hormonal changes in women
  • excessive tartar buildup
  • diabetes
  • family history of gum disease

While it is most common in adults over 40, receding gums can affect people of all ages.

What are the Symptoms?

Gums recede over time, so you may not notice any difference in the appearance of your teeth or gums right away. Still, other symptoms may indicate that you are at risk for gum recession and should see your dentist soon:

  • bad breath
  • painful gums
  • loose teeth
  • bleeding gums after brushing or flossing
  • red, irritated gum line


Even if you notice symptoms of gum recession, diagnosis should be done by your dentist. They will confirm this by measuring the gum line at each tooth with a small ruler called a probe. The process is short and pain-free.

If you are diagnosed with receding gums or periodontal (gum) disease, different treatments are available, including:

  • antibiotics
  • deep cleaning
  • flap surgery or grafting (in rare cases)


The good news is that gum recession can be prevented in most circumstances. Avoiding tobacco products, eating a well-balanced diet, and thoroughly brushing and flossing your teeth every day are the best ways to ensure the health of your teeth and gums. Visiting your dentist twice a year for a check-up and proper cleaning is also key in preventing and diagnosing gum recession early. At Southwood Dental Studio, we are here to help. Visit us at one of our convenient London office locations or contact us to schedule your appointment today!

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